Languages of Ukraine

Spoken languages in Ukraine

ukraine-victoryUkraine is famous for its diverse and rich culture. The official state language of Ukraine is Ukrainian. It is an East Slavic language that is basically the native language of almost 65% of the total population of the country. 33% speak Russian as their native language while the rest 2% speak different languages. It is one among the two major languages of the country and was one of the three official languages of Transnistria, an unrecognised state.

A recently organised poll results can give us a more detailed knowledge about the number of languages being used all over Ukraine. Over 1000 random people were interviewed for this survey. Almost 52% stated that their language of communication is mainly Russian, while 41% stated that they use Ukrainian as their mode of communication. 8% stated they use both the languages as a mixture. It is a curious case and quite evident that Ukrainian is more spoken in the rural areas, than the urban ones. A bilingual society of the country gets reflected due to this data, as often a mixture of both the languages can be found.

English is the most popular foreign language in Ukraine. Major restaurants, bars and hotels appointed English speaking staff. Though being so popular it is not spoken much in the country.

Here is a list of languages being spoken in Ukraine. And there are quite a few of them!

  • Ukrainian
  • Polish
  • Eastern Yiddish
  • Romanian
  • Russian
  • Belarusian
  • Bulgarian
  • Hungarian
  • Crimean Tatar
  • Armenian
  • Urum
  • Tatar
  • German
  • Jakati
  • Georgian
  • Czech
  • Erzya
  • Northern Uzbek
  • Kazak
  • Greek
  • Serbian
  • Osetin
  • Bashkort
  • Latvian
  • Tajiki
  • Lezgi
  • Karaim
  • Abkhaz
  • Dargwa
  • Lak
  • North Azerbaijani

shop-in-ukraineThe Constitution of Ukraine passed an Article 10 to make sure the state bears an obligation towards making Ukrainian the most important language of the country. Functioning and comprehensive development of the language throughout Ukraine covering all spheres of social life, while also providing the guarantee that Russian and other minority languages should be protected and allowed free development. Ukrainian can be termed as a mixture of Belarusian and Russian, all of them comprising of a Slavic background. So if you are planning to visit Ukraine we recommend you hire a translator for the first few days as it can be quite confusing.